The National Security Agency is secretly intercepting, recording, and archiving the audio of virtually every cell phone conversation on the island nation of the Bahamas.
According to documents provided by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, the surveillance is part of a top-secret system â€“ code-named SOMALGET â€“ that was implemented without the knowledge or consent of the Bahamian government. Instead, the agency appears to have used access legally obtained in cooperation with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration to open a backdoor to the countryâ€™s cellular telephone network, enabling it to covertly record and store the â€œfull-take audioâ€ of every mobile call made to, from and within the Bahamas â€“ and to replay those calls for up to a month.
SOMALGET is part of a broader NSA program called MYSTIC, which The Intercept has learned is being used to secretly monitor the telecommunications systems of the Bahamas and several other countries, including Mexico, the Philippines, and Kenya. But while MYSTIC scrapes mobile networks for so-called â€œmetadataâ€ â€“ information that reveals the time, source, and destination of calls â€“ SOMALGET is a cutting-edge tool that enables the NSA to vacuum up and store the actual content of every conversation in an entire country.
All told, the NSA is using MYSTIC to gather personal data on mobile calls placed in countries with a combined population of more than 250 million people. And according to classified documents, the agency is seeking funding to export the sweeping surveillance capability elsewhere.
The program raises profound questions about the nature and extent of American surveillance abroad. The U.S. intelligence community routinely justifies its massive spying efforts by citing the threats to national security posed by global terrorism and unpredictable rival nations like Russia and Iran. But the NSA documents indicate that SOMALGET has been deployed in the Bahamas to locate â€œinternational narcotics traffickers and special-interest alien smugglersâ€ â€“ traditional law-enforcement concerns, but a far cry from derailing terror plots or intercepting weapons of mass destruction.
â€œThe Bahamas is a stable democracy that shares democratic principles, personal freedoms, and rule of law with the United States,â€ the State Department concluded in a crime and safety report published last year. â€œThere is little to no threat facing Americans from domestic (Bahamian) terrorism, war, or civil unrest.â€
By targeting the Bahamasâ€™ entire mobile network, the NSA is intentionally collecting and retaining intelligence on millions of people who have not been accused of any crime or terrorist activity. Nearly five million Americans visit the country each year, and many prominent U.S. citizens keep homes there, including Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa), Bill Gates, and Oprah Winfrey.
In addition, the program is a serious â€“ and perhaps illegal â€“ abuse of the access to international phone networks that other countries willingly grant the United States for legitimate law-enforcement surveillance. If the NSA is using the Drug Enforcement Administrationâ€™s relationship to the Bahamas as a cover for secretly recording the entire countryâ€™s mobile phone calls, it could imperil the longstanding tradition of international law enforcement cooperation that the United States enjoys with its allies.
â€œItâ€™s surprising, the short-sightedness of the government,â€ says Michael German, a fellow at New York Universityâ€™s Brennan Center for Justice who spent 16 years as an FBI agent conducting undercover investigations. â€œThat they couldnâ€™t see how exploiting a lawful mechanism to such a degree that you might lose that justifiable access â€“ thatâ€™s where the intelligence community is acting in a way that harms its long-term interests, and clearly the long-term national security interests of the United States.â€