The total non institutional civilian labor force (Americans 16 years and older who are not in a institution -criminal, mental, or other types of facilities- or an active military duty) is reported as 238.889 million. Of these, we see:
- Employed: 139.206 million people (58.3% of labor force)
- Unemployed: 14.485 million people (6.1% of labor force)
Obviously, that can’t be the total picture, we’re only at 64.4%. This is why:
- Part time employed for economic reasons: 8.931 million people. This concerns people who want a full-time job but can’t get one.
- Part time employed for non-economic reasons: 18.184 million people. Non-economic reasons include school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, but also childcare problems and family or personal obligations.
But the by far largest category "missing" from both the Employed and Unemployed statistics is the "Not In Labor Force": 85.2 Million people.
The BLS definition states: "Not in the labor force (NILF). A person who did not work last week, was not temporarily absent from a job, did not actively look for work in the previous 4 weeks, or looked but was unavailable for work during the reference week; in other words, a person who was neither employed nor unemployed." (Clearly, this does include lot of unemployed people).
To summarize: 108.616 million people in America are either unemployed, underemployed or "Not in the labor force". This represents 45.5% of working age Americans.
What does this mean? Is 47% of the workforce working full time jobs enough to pay for the rest of the countries entitlements? Especially as Baby Boomers retire and smaller generations take on that burden? Forget the United States as a country, look at the numbers locally. Even in Saskatoon, much of our expected growth will come from seniors retiring into our cities. Projections for school age kids is to remain flat or show small growth in the city.
This will increase health costs, increase the need for public transit (not a bad thing), and may put some downward pressure on the real estate market (will senior’s want single detached homes or as we see in the transformation of Market Mall from sleepy mall into a mega city, will they want condos and assisted senior’s living?). I know health is a federal/provincial responsibility but money that is spent on healthcare is money that isn’t available for other programs. Of course with a larger percentage of Saskatoon’s citizens not paying the income tax they once were, what does that do for the coffers in Regina and Ottawa?
Politicians speak in terms of unemployment but more and more I am starting to think that employment numbers are more important. Not only for those that are seeking work but for their contributions to the fair and just society that we call home. Now one of the ways to balance this out is to increase immigration to Canada. I know that has come with it’s own difficulties but Canada isn’t a melting pot, it is a “community of communities” and outside of Quebec, we don’t struggle with the nationalistic feelings that other countries have (outside of a two week window every year when the World Junior Hockey Championships are on). I am obviously biased having married an immigrant to Canada but for me, a more diverse Saskatoon could be a great side effect of an aging population.
Plus, increased immigration to Saskatoon would mean more trips to the region by Jason Kenney as he stumped for their votes.